“They want to make sure the passenger feels his or her time and money is well spent,” said Henry Harteveldt, a travel industry analyst at Atmosphere Travel Group.
The most recent study on airports and social media, “The Power of Social Media for Airports,” conducted in 2013 by the management consultants LeighFisher, found that nearly a third of airports worldwide maintained Facebook, Twitter and YouTube accounts. European and Canadian airports were the leading users.
Travel experts said they see social media as replacing antiquated passenger communications. “Instead of giant screens and inaudible public address systems, the airports are presenting information in a much friendlier way,” said Paul Tumpowsky, chief executive of Skylark, a travel agency in New York.
Passenger experiences with social media, however, run the gamut from positive to largely nonexistent.
Samantha Aguilar, a corporate travel manager in Phoenix, said social media makes her job easier by enabling her to anticipate problems for employees flying into Phoenix Sky Harbor.
Last November, gates in Terminal 4 were closed for several hours after an unattended bag was discovered and required further inspection. The information was first reported on social media. “I don’t have to wait for official notification,” she said. “It’s real-time information.”
On a trip of her own in October, she had free time before joining the line for security screening. Checking her phone, she saw a posting for the Phoenix Airport Museum and stopped in to see the exhibits.
Others said social media helped avoid delays. Bob Swindell, president and chief executive of the economic development organization Greater Fort Lauderdale Alliance, flies from Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport and relies on that airport’s Twitter account (@FLLflyer) for emergency weather updates. Before he gets a notice from Delta Air Lines, “I have notice from the airport,” he said.
Still, the social media efforts of the airports are dwarfed by those of the airlines, which count likes and followers in the millions. On Facebook, Delta has a total of nearly four million likes and people who follow it. And it has 1.9 million followers on Twitter. American Airlines (@AmericanAir) regularly tweets to its 1.47 million Twitter followers.
At least one expert sees these efforts as an antidote to the stress of traveling. “Airports can’t control the check-in standards for the airline and can’t control security for luggage,” said Steven Carvell, a professor at the Cornell University School of Hotel Administration.
The Transportation Security Administration also has a social media presence. The agency has maintained a Twitter feed (@AskTSA) since September 2015 and an account on Facebook Messenger (AskTSA) since July 2016. It has fielded 305,000 questions, largely about permitted and prohibited items and its PreCheck expedited security program.
Using either site, a registered PreCheck user can contact T.S.A. for assistance if the number does not appear on a boarding pass. With details provided by the passenger (full name, known traveler number and airline confirmation number), “we’re able to work with our Secure Flight team to identify the issue and then contact their airline to update their information,” Jennifer Plozai, a T.S.A. spokeswoman, wrote in an email.
The agency also maintains an Instagram account, @tsa, that has grown to more than 780,000 followers from about 400,000 a year ago. It posts photos of confiscated contraband (agents confiscate about 70 firearms in carry-on bags each week) interspersed with images of dogs that detect explosives. Bob Burns, public affairs specialist for the T.S.A., who runs the site, invites passenger comments. “It’s humanizing the bureaucracy,” he said.
Some passengers prefer to rely on their own knowledge and experience.
Jay Acunzo, the creator and host of the Unthinkable podcast — about how to use intuition at work — has flown from Boston Logan International Airport three to four times a month. Although Logan has more than 136,000 likes on its Facebook and more than 6,400 reviews monitored during business hours, and 44,600 followers on Twitter (@BostonLogan), Mr. Acunzo was not among them.
Several years ago he budgeted about five minutes to stand in a security line, but the clearance required a half-hour. (Mr. Acunzo said he now has Global Entry.). He barely made a flight, which was not equipped with Wi-Fi, so he was unable to send a promised project to a client by deadline, requiring an apology.
Now, he said he leaves sufficient time, but still not the full two hours for domestic flights, and relies primarily on two apps — TripIt, to aggregate his trip data, and Evernote, to log articles he is writing so he does not have to worry about disrupting his work flow if there is no internet connection.
“I prepare for things not to run smoothly,” he said.